Revizyon: Ssp ilgazica : Ilgaz salebi; Ssp urvilleana : Balkaymak
Plants usually robust, 20-70 cm. Stem ± hollow , with 3-4 well developed leaves. Leaves 15-20 x 3-5 cm, broadly elliptic-obovate to lanceolate, purplish-spotted, sometimes unspotted, upper 2 bract-like. Spike ± dense, to 15 cm long, to 4-6 cm diam. Flowers large, mauve, rose-purple or dark purplish-violet. Sepals and petals lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, acute to acuminate, to 16 mm. Labellum flat, roundish or tranversely oblong, usually broader than long, 11-15 x 8-10 mm, subentire or ± 3-lobed, densely covered with dots or fine broken lines; middle lobe small, triangular, 4-6 mm; lateral lobes usually large, margins irregularly crenate-dentate or erose. Spur broadly cylindrical, ±obtuse, 11-14 x 3-5 mm, ± equalling ovary. Fl. 6-7. Moist places in deciduous or coniferous forest, Picea-Rhododendron scrub, nr springs and streams, peaty alpine meadows, s.l.-2500 m.
Caucasia. Euxine element.