Bulb ovoid, 1-1.25 cm diam., with or without offsets. Leaves 3-6, linear to linear-lanceolate, 6-40 cm x 2-8 mm, canaliculate to pseudo-terete, bright green. Scape 4-30 cm, often as long as leaves. Raceme dense; 1-4 x 1.5-2 cm, flowers often imbricate, usually becoming laxer in fruit. Pedicels of fertile flowers spreading or deflexed, 0.5-5 mm, shorter than perianth. Fertile flowers fragrant, ovoid to oblong-urceolate, 3.5-7.5 x 1.5-3.5 mm, sharply constricted distally, very dark to blackish blue, sometimes pruinose; lobes white, recurved, 0.3-1 mm. Stamens biseriate, at and above middle of tube. Pedicels of sterile flowers horizontal or ascending, 0.5-3 mm. Sterile flowers to 20, smaller and paler than fertile ones . Fruiting raceme elongating, lax. Capsule broadly ovate to orbicular, 7-9 x8-l0 mm, apex rounded or shortly emarginate. Fl 3-5. Pinus woods, macchie, scrub, meadows, rocky limestone slopes, rarely on coastal sand, nr s.l.-2300 m.
N. Africa, Europe northwards to S.E. England and eastwards to southern C. Russia, W. Syria, Cyprus, Caucasia, Iran to C. Asia.