Subsp. ibericus: Patçiçeği
Syn: A. ibericus
Perennial with somewhat woody, rhizomatous rootstock. Indumentum of short scabrous hairs and subsessile glands. Stems erect or ascending, 20-40 cm. Basal and lower cauline leaves oblanceolate, acute, 5-12 x 1-2 cm, attenuate or subpetiolate at base, entire or indistinctly 2-3-toothed, 3-nerved; upper leaves elliptic-lanceolate, sessile. Capitula 3-12 in loose terminal corymbs. Involucre 1-1,5 cm broad; phyllaries 3-seriate, oblanceolate or oblong, 6-8 x 1,5-2,5 mm, outer adpressed-pubescent, inner ciliate, ± cartilaginous at base, herbaceous, often purplish at apex. Ray flowers 20-25; ligules mauve or lavender-blue, 9-18 x 1-3 mm. Disc flowers 5,5-6,5 mm. Achenes 3-4 mm, sparsely sericeous and minutely giandular. Pappus brownish, 5-6 mm. Fl. 6-8. Open rocky slopes, sometimes in Quercus or coniferous forests, 1300-2300 m.
Euxine element. This -subspecies, which is Transcaucasian, differs from the typical one in having rather larger leaves which are more strongly scabrous and somewhat larger capitula with acute phyllaries.